1. What is female infertility?
  2. What are the possible infectious causes of female infertility?

What is female infertility?

Female infertility is a condition that prevents women from becoming pregnant and affects about 15% of women. Female infertility is diagnosed when a woman is unable to get pregnant after 1-2 years of fertile sexual intercourse, even though it might still be possible for her to conceive. The loss of reproductive capacity is linked to age; in fact, at 30 years of age the chances of conceiving range between 30% and 40%. This percentage decreases to 10% at 40 years of age. There are different causes that may determine infertility and many are related to psychosocial factors due to conditions like lifestyle, search for the first child at a late age, drug use, alcohol abuse, smoking, working conditions, pollution and infections. 

What are the possible infectious causes of female infertility?

Infections caused by different bacteria or viruses that affect the female reproductive system are a serious problem for the reproductive function. In 60-70% of cases, these infections cause chronic inflammatory diseases that may impede the implantation of the embryo in the uterus, obstruct the Fallopian tubes, alter the functionality of the ovaries or affect sperm motility, thus reducing the chances of pregnancy. Together with the most common venereal diseases like syphilis or gonorrhoea, some other pathogen agents that cause infections, such as Chlamydia, have emerged. Even though it may evolve into vaginitis, there still isn’t any scientific evidence to prove that Candida directly affects female fertility. However, Candida infections can create a hostile environment for spermatozoids therefore causing problems for egg fertilization. 

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