Why perform prenatal postural exercises?
During pregnancy, the woman’s body undergoes a series of muscular and articular changes because the internal organs and the surrounding structures need to modify their physiological position to make space for the baby. Frequently, pregnant women may experience muscular and articular pain, and, in particular, as the baby bump grows, low back pain caused by the displacement of the center of gravity forward. A correct postural education and lifestyle may limit this pain and for this reason it is recommended to attend antenatal classes which provide all the information about the exercises necessary to best deal with pregnancy.
Prenatal exercises help mothers-to-be to arrive in good shape to childbirth. The objective of these exercises is to tone the muscles, in particular abdominal muscles and pelvic floor muscles, which are those that are mainly involved in childbirth. The benefits of prenatal exercises are not only limited to reinforcing the muscles, but they also improve the cardiovascular condition and the psycho-physical state of the woman.
What exercises are performed?
Prenatal exercises that are recommended during classes include spine elongation exercises, pelvis mobilization exercises, exercises to strengthen the abdominal muscles and lower limbs muscles, which all help to prevent some disorders like back pain and water retention. Also crucial are breathing exercises and those for correct posture.