1. What to we need to know about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?
  2. What are the complications related to STDs?

What to we need to know about sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)?

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) have a high impact on sexually active adolescents’ health and also have an increasing incidence around the world, without any socio-economic distinction. The reason for this should be traced back both to a low knowledge of the most common pathologies and to promiscuity that is highly evident especially in adolescents. It is crucial to follow screening guidelines and to use diagnostic tests for immediate treatment to avoid complications. A STD diagnosis is substantial for everyone and in particular for adolescents. All STDs can be caused by:

  • Bacteria
  • Virus
  • Protozoa
  • Parasites or fungi

The most diffused virus is the Papilloma virus while for the sexually transmitted diseases the most common is Chlamydia. Other common infections in adolescents include gonorrhoea, syphilis, trichomonas, and herpes simplex (HSV). Such infections can be contracted also after a single and isolated sexual intercourse with an infected partner. The risk is higher for those that have several occasional intercourses but is also extended to those who have stable relationships considering that the microorganism can remain silent for long periods of time and thus the subject may discover being infected after a long time.

What are the complications related to STDs?

The complications of STDs can include:

  • Serious infections
  • Chronic pain
  • Infertility
  • Cancer
  • Detrimental effects on the uterus

Every year, about half of the new sexually transmitted infections occur in adolescents aged 15-24. In fact, the highest rates of sexually transmitted diseases are in young people, adults and adolescents. The identification of these infections depends on different types of screening for every STD. It is therefore important to divulge information on their sexual health to make sure they understand and know about the risks and the appropriate diagnostic practices for each sexually transmitted disease.

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